Germany Paris Agreement

September 21st, 2021

German politicians, climate activists, scientists and the media celebrated the “historic” Paris climate agreement. Some professional associations and activists have pointed to the shortcomings of the agreement and most commentators have agreed on the need for action. This is followed by a collection of reactions from Germany. Read the article here. The 2013 coalition agreement states: “In Germany, we want to codify the next reduction measures in the light of the European targets and the outcomes of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference up to the target of 80-95% by 2050 and back them up with measures (climate protection plan) as part of a broad dialogue process.” The idea of a plan to combat climate change was born from the coalition agreement between the CDU, the CSU and the SPD in 2013. The agreement stipulates that this compromise was only reached by an agreement to compensate the regions concerned (€40 billion). (Agora Energiewende, 2019) and relevant companies operating coal-fired power plants (an additional €4.35 billion); Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, 2019). The initial compromise was the subject of a broad social consensus. But the timeline is still not fast enough to be compatible with a 1.5°C trajectory that would require an exit from coal from OECD countries by 2030 (Climate Analytics, 2018). And while the government has promised to anchor the coal exit roadmap by November 2019, it was only adopted in July 2020 and significantly watered down by the coal Commission`s already weak recommendations. By way of comparison, the national contribution (NDC) of the Paris Agreement for Germany is − 55% compared to 1990 (which corresponds to the last cell of the table). [5] But the last word on the climate law has not yet been pronounced.

To become law, the bill must go through both chambers of the German parliamentary system, which also requires the agreement of other parties, including the Greens, who have published their own demands for a climate law. For Germany to once again play a leading role in implementing strengthened global climate change measures, it is still possible that the current proposal is only a stepping stone to climate protection compatible with the Paris Agreement in Germany. On 7 November 2016, more than 40 German companies, including energy suppliers EnBW and MVV Energie, as well as grid operator 50Hertz, committed with Commerzbank, Deutsche Telekom, IKEA and Hochtief to a more ambitious programme to ensure compliance with the obligations of the Paris Agreement. . . .

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