Brunei Protectorate Agreement

September 12th, 2021

This agreement also led to the use of Gurkha units in Brunei, where they are still located today. A nationalist Brunei People`s Party was founded in 1956 under the leadership of A.M. Azahari bin Sheikh Mahmud and with strong ties to Indonesia. She has been highly critical of both the Sultan`s rulers and Britain`s power over Brunei`s internal affairs. So much so that the British and the Sultan revised their 1905 protectorate agreement with a new 1959 constitution. This new constitution returned to the sultan the executive power of home affairs and appointed his own British high commissioner to oversee defence and foreign affairs. He also created a Legislative Council composed of representatives elected by direct universal suffrage, who were to form a council to advise the sultan. The sultan`s administrative capacity simply was not able to obtain revenue from these areas and so it was deemed preferable to obtain revenue from Sarawak rather than spend inefficient money trying to control the areas by corrupt and inefficient local administrators. This process was repeated in Limbang in 1890, when the local population made it clear that they preferred the relative law and order of Sarawak to the capricific and unpredictable rule of the local Brunei rulers. . . .

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