Why Is Ireland Not Part Of The Schengen Agreement

April 15th, 2021

The United Kingdom and Ireland participated in certain aspects of the Schengen Agreement from 2000 and 2002, such as the Schengen Information System (SIS). ETIAS, the European travel and information system, will be in place by the end of 2022. Citizens of more than 60 countries need ETIAS to enter the Schengen area. Many people wishing to travel to Ireland in the future have several questions about the need for an ETIAS to visit Ireland. Is Ireland part of the Schengen area? Is it an EU member country? Is Ireland not part of the United Kingdom? Andorra and San Marino are not part of Schengen, but they no longer have controls at their borders. One of the greatest advantages of the EU is that citizens can travel between states without your passport, unless they wish to enter Britain or Ireland, none of which has signed the Schengen Agreement, which guarantees free movement between EU member states. In 1999, the United Kingdom formally requested participation in certain provisions of the Schengen acquis – Title III on police security and judicial cooperation – in 1999, and this request was adopted by the Council of the European Union on 29 May 2000. [102] The UK`s formal participation in previously approved areas of cooperation was brought into effect by a 2004 Council decision that came into force on 1 January 2005. [103] Although the United Kingdom was not part of the Schengen area,[104] it has always used the Schengen information system, a government database used by European countries to store and disseminate information on individuals and goods. This has allowed the UK to exchange information with countries that are part of the Schengen Agreement, often to connect to legal proceedings. [105] In 2020, the United Kingdom has declared that it will withdraw from these agreements at the end of its transition period. Travellers travelling between Schengen countries but from a third country outside the territory must be subject to Schengen entry checks upon arrival in the Schengen area.

The reason is that the route is outside the Schengen area and that the authorities at destination would not have the opportunity to distinguish between passengers arriving on board the origin and those who have joined the centre. In addition, travellers are required to check the schengen exit borders when they leave. When EU member states negotiated the signing of the Schengen Agreement in the EU through the Treaty of Amsterdam, Ireland and the United Kingdom were the only member states that had not signed the agreement. The United Kingdom did not want to join and Ireland wanted to retain its common travel area with the United Kingdom and the associated islands, a regime incompatible with Schengen membership, while the United Kingdom did not intend to do so.

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